Nineteenth-century fortifications - The Inner Line

From Buonconsiglio Castle to Doss Trento

A more internal defensive line protected the urban center. The defense was entrusted mainly to the Doss Trento artillery, which controlled the entire valley. The defenses included the Doss Trento fortifications, Martignano Battery, and Fort San Rocco.

The sector

The line continued with other field works reaching the Martignano area, with the nineteenth-century battery, then running along the eastern hill to the Fersina stream, pushing on to the fort San Rocco. At the outbreak of war, the city had about 30,000 inhabitants, two-thirds of whom left their homes in May 1915, when the transfer of civilians to Upper and Lower Austria, Bohemia and Moravia was organized. New inhabitants arrived in the city: tens of thousands of soldiers. Barracks were soon insufficient and many public buildings were requisitioned. Even homes abandoned by the locals were occupied by soldiers. The civilian population that remained in Trento had to deal with hunger, misery, rationed food and a city occupied by soldiers and the wounded. The last days of the war the Austro-Hungarian soldiers withdrew and the Italians arrived on November 3, 1918.

The trekking routes of the Inner Line


Fortifications of the Doss Trento

  • year of construction: 1848; 1880
  • typology: various works
  • ownership: public
  • open to the public: open to visitors
  • state of conservation: traces
  • Works demolished after the war

Martignano battery

  • year of construction: 1882-1883
  • type: battery
  • ownership: private property
  • open to the public: no
  • state of conservation: not restored
  • Disarmed in 1915

Fort San Rocco

  • year of construction: 1881-1883
  • typology: fort
  • ownership: public
  • open to the public: no
  • state of conservation: not restored
  • Disarmed in 1915